Sylvia Plath Biography
Sylvia Plath was an American poet, short-story writer, and novelist. She was born on October 27, 1932. Often credited with advancing the genre of confessional poetry, Plath is possibly best known for her two published collections, The Colossus and Other Poems and Ariel. In 1982, she won a posthumous Pulitzer Prize for The Collected Poems. She also wrote a semi-autobiographical novel, The Bell Jar, which was published shortly before her death. She passed away on February 11, 1963.
Plath was a native of Boston, Massachusetts, Unites States of America as she was born and spent most of her early life there. She was welcomed to the family of Aurelia Schober Plath, who was a first-generation American of Austrian descent, and German father Otto Plath, who was an entomologist and professor of biology and German at Boston University. After the birth of her brother Warren, the family moved to Winthrop, Massachusetts. Plath published her first poem, when she was only eight years old in the Boston Herald's children's section. She was also an artist and even her paintings even won The Scholastic Art & Writing Awards in 1947. She went to Bradford Senior High School (now Wellesley High School) and graduated in 1950. Then she studied at Smith College where she edited The Smith Review. Then on obtaining a Fulbright scholarship, she attended the Newnham College at the University of Cambridge, before receiving acclaim as a poet and writer. Plath had written and published more than 50 short stories even before she attended Smith College. Later at Cambridge, she wrote for the University publication, Varsity. Heinemann published her first collection, The Colossus and other poems in the UK in late 1960, but all the poems in The Colossus had already been printed in major US and British journals.
Plath had also been short-listed numerous times in the Yale Younger Poets book competition and her work was printed in Harper's, and The Spectator the Times Literary Supplement. Her 1965 collection, Ariel, which was published after her death, heightened her fame to the peaks. In 1971, the volumes Winter Trees and Crossing the Water were published in the UK which had nine previously unseen poems from the original manuscript of Ariel. Furthermore, The Collected Poems, edited and introduced by Ted Hughes, and published in 1981, included poetry written from 1956 until her death. Plath became the first poet to win the Pulitzer Prize posthumously when she was awarded the prize in 1982, for her contribution to poetry. In her honor, the United States Postal Service introduced a postage stamp featuring Sylvia Plath in 2012.
She first met fellow poet Ted Hughes on February 25, 1956, at a party in Cambridge. The same year on June 16, they got married at St George the Martyr Holborn in the London Borough of Camden and started living together in the United States and then England. Together the couple had and had two children, Frieda and Nicholas. Plath suffered from depression for much of her adult life. On the morning of 11 February, 1963, at nine o'clock, Plath’s nurse and a workman, Charles Langridge, found her dead of carbon monoxide poisoning in the kitchen, with her head in the oven, having sealed the rooms between herself and her sleeping children with wet towels and cloths. She passed away at the age of 30.
Controversy continues to surround the events of her life and death, as well as her writing and legacy. Sylvia was not only talented, she had a dynamic personality. Her hard work has made her famous and fortunate. She has a good number of followers and admirers all over the world. Although she is no longer physically present among us, her fans have created numerous sites in her name and regularly keep them updated. More information on him can be read in her detailed biography available in numerous websites including the Wiki and IMDb website.